John S. M. Robertson of Gallatin Co. KY
Ralph Dean Clark
P.O. Box 641188
Los Angeles, CA 90064-1188
Ultimate Family Tree, ver 2.5c
MARCUM Project Version 679
March 20, 1998
Table of Contents
Marcum, Richardson, Robertson
1. John S. M.1 Robertson was born in Kentucky circa 1789.
He married Milly (Robertson). Milly was born circa 1785 in Pennsylvania.
In the Census of 1850, John was listed as a head of household in Gallatin Co, KY.(1)
John S. M. Robertson and Milly (Robertson) had the following children:
3. Nancy2 Robertson (John S. M.1)(3) was born in Kentucky
circa 1815. Nancy died after 1880 in maybe, Montgomery Co, KS, or Missouri, at age unknown.
She married twice. She married Arthur Marcum before 9 December 1832 in Gallatin Co, KY.(4) Arthur was born before 1800. Arthur died circa 1839 in probably, Bartholomew
Co, IN, at age unknown. She married John Richardson August 3, 1843 in Bartholomew Co, IN.(5) John was born August 1804 in Ohio.(6) (Additional notes for John Richardson(7)) John died February 1880 in Bartholomew Co, IN, at age 75. John applied for a marriage
license to wed Nancy Robertson August 1, 1843 in Bartholomew Co, IN.(8)
He had been a farmer, but sometime around 1857, he became disabled, and thereafter was only
rarely able to do any work to support his family. He died of pneumonia in February, 1880, at the age of sixty five.
She was listed as a resident in the census report 1840 in Bartholomew Co, IN.(9) Nancy applied for a marriage license to wed John Richardson August 1, 1843 in Bartholomew Co,
In 1840, Nancy Markim was living in Rock Creek Township in Bartholomew County, where she would remain for at least forty years, with her
young son, John, and four girls. The youngest would have been her daughter Emma, but thirty years later no other was mentioned when Nancy
listed her children. Two of the girls were between five and nine years old, and one of the girls was above age ten. They were probably the
children of Arthur Marcum by his first wife.
Every record of her children says that John was born in Kentucky in 1836 and Emma
was born in Indiana around 1838, so the family must have moved from Kentucky before then. Why Nancy was in Rock Creek in 1840 hasn't been
determined. No deed was registered in the name of Marcum to indicate that her late husband had settled there, so it's not known whether she
had come to Bartholomew County with him, or for her own reason after his demise. None of Nancy's immediate neighbors were old enough to have
been her father or uncle; she might have settled near a brother or sister.
She remarried in 1843, and had two more children.
After her second husband became disabled around 1857, she and her young son worked a small rented farm for a while. Eventually her son
Milton was the sole support of the family. After he died at the end of the Civil War, the neighbors made a loom for her, and she made a
small income from weaving carpets. In 1871, she was granted a pension of eight dollars a month from Milton's war service, retroactive from
his death. The application papers for that pension have provided most of the details known of her later life, and of her family.
Nancy Robertson and Arthur Marcum had the following children:
John3 Marcum(11) was born in Covington, Campbell Co, KY April 11, 1836. John died December 5, 1912 in Beaver
Crossing, Seward Co, NE, at age 76. He married twice. He married Amelia (Milley) M. O'Neal April 28, 1864 in
Bartholomew Co, IN. Amelia was born circa 1844 in Bartholomew Co, IN. Amelia was the daughter of James O'Neal and Sarah
(Sally) Helton. Amelia died circa 1874 in probably, Bartholomew Co, IN, at age unknown. She must have died shortly after the birth
of her fourth child, Luella.
He married Amanda C. Clarkson February 11, 1875 in Bartholomew Co, IN. Amanda was born circa 1847 in
Indiana. Amanda died at age unknown.
A great deal of information about his life has come down through his
application for pension as a veteran of the Union army in the Civil War.
On July 6, 1861, he enlisted at Leon, in Decatur
County, Iowa, into Company D of the 4th Regiment of the Iowa Volunteer Infantry. They were mustered into federal service at Council Bluffs,
Iowa, Aug. 15, 1861, and proceeded from there to Rolla, Missouri where they were absorbed into the Army of the Southwest under General
He was wounded in the ear while fighting in the battle of March 7 and 8, 1862, called Elkhorn Tavern by the
Confederates, at Pea Ridge, Arkansas, where the Union victory was important in saving Missouri for the Northern cause. His wound was
attested in the 1883 pension application by John R. Muir, who had been a neighbor in Bartholomew Co. and served as a corporal in Co. G of
the 22nd Indiana Volunteers. Other comrades-in-arms mentioned in his pension papers were James Campbell, Israel Milligan, Lt. James Finley,
and Capt. Howard Brown.
His military service was marked by an interruption, during which he returned home to Bartholomew County
and married. John maintained that on Feb. 13, 1863, he had been captured by Confederates near Napoleon, Arkansas, on the Mississippi River.
They paroled him, after he promised to go home and fight no more. The Union army was unaware of this event, however, and carried him as a
deserter, absent without leave, between Jan. 17, 1863 and July 13, 1864. He rejoined his company then, in northwestern Georgia, as General
Sherman was preparing to advance toward Atlanta.
During the campaign for Atlanta, General Sherman was overall commander of
three Union armies. The 4th Iowa was assigned to the 2nd Brigade of the 1st Division of the 15th Army Corps, in the Army of the
General Sherman led his army from Atlanta to the coast in two great columns, sixty miles apart, with the Army of
the Tennessee on the right. After Savannah had been presented to President Lincoln by Sherman for Christmas, 1864, the armies proceeded into
South Carolina. It was the 15th Corps that occupied the state capital, Columbia, whose burning was blamed on the Union forces.
John was mustered out with his company at Louisville, Kentucky, on July 24, 1865, with an honorable discharge.
His 1890 pension
application, No. 469831, applied for in Greene County, MO, when John and his family were living nearby in Fair Grove, said that he had lived
in Indiana for 18 years after the war, and then moved to Cherryvale, KS, for three years. That was probably between 1883 and 1886. He
finally was granted a pension, Certificate No. 718752, and was receiving $15 a month in 1912.
Emma Marcum(12) was born in Indiana 1838.
Emma died at age unknown. She married twice. She married Samuel Day before 1860. Samuel was
born circa 1830 in Tennessee. (Additional notes for Samuel Day(13))
Samuel died before 1878 in probably, Missouri, at age unknown. She married Aaron Hall circa 1879 in
Kansas City, Jackson Co, MO.(14) Aaron was born circa 1836 in
"Missing Place" no. 1381. (Additional notes for Aaron Hall(15))
Aaron died before 1899 at age unknown. Aaron was employed. When her mother listed her children in an affidavit dated July 20,
1870, she named Emma Day, aged 32, in Kansas City, Missouri. The author examined the 1870 census of Kansas City, which has not been indexed,
page by page, and found only the wife of Samuel Day who seemed likely to be Nancy's daughter.
Nancy Robertson and John Richardson had the following children:
Mary Sarilda Richardson was born in Bartholomew Co, IN circa 1844.(16) Mary died at age unknown. She married twice. She married Joshua
Norton October 26, 1865 in Bartholomew Co, IN.(17) Joshua was
born circa 1840. Joshua died at age unknown. No record of this man has been found in Bartholomew County after his marriage. He might
have moved out of state, but the unusual name of his bride argues that he must have died soon after his marriage, as she seems to have
remarried two years later, although she then gave her maiden name. Examination of the published cemetery records of Bartholomew County might
support the author's speculation.
She married John W. Helton December 19, 1867 in Bartholomew Co, IN.(18) John was born circa 1848 in Hawkins Co, TN.(19) John was the son of John Helton and Susan A. (Helton). John died 1872 in Bartholomew
Co, IN, at age 24. His body was interred in Burnsville, Christian Church, Bartholomew Co, IN.(20) John applied for a marriage license to wed Mary Sarilda Richardson December 18, 1867 in
Bartholomew Co, IN.(21) His parents are assumed from nearby residence
in Rockcreek Township in Bartholomew County in the 1870 census, when this one is called John Junr. In the same census, Isabella Winsted was
in the home, indicating a relationship with her mother, Agnes.
Mary applied for a marriage license to wed John W. Helton December 18, 1867 in Bartholomew Co, IN.(22) Her mother's affidavit on July 20, 1870, named Sarilda Helton, aged 26, as one of her
children, saying Sarilda lived near Elizabethtown.
Milton I. Richardson(23) was born in Bartholomew
Co, IN March 1849. Milton died May 25, 1865 in Grant's Hospital, Willets Point, New York, at age 16. His body was
interred May 26, 1865 in Willets Point, New York.
When his father became disabled, Milton had to go to work to
support the family. From the age of ten, he worked as a laborer on neighboring farms. In the fall of 1862, he was hired by William O'Neal to
split rails. He made about one thousand of them, and was paid sixty cents a hundred. William later hired him several more times, for plowing
corn, harvesting, chopping wood, and digging wells, and paid ordinary wages for a half hand, half to Milton and half to his father. Just
before he went into the service, Milton bought a young mare from James O'Neal for $150, and left her with his mother, for her use.
He enlisted at the age of fifteen, on Oct. 1, 1864, as a private in Company A of the 140th Regiment of Indiana Volunteers. Some
time later, he came home on furlough, and sold the mare back to James O'Neal for $150, and left the money for his mother's support.
The regiment first saw action in Tennessee in 1864. In early 1865, the 140th Regiment and the rest of the XXIII Corps were
transported 1400 miles down the Tennessee River, up the Ohio, and thence by train to Washington DC and Alexandria. Gen. Cox's division, with
Milton's unit, took ship Feb. 4, arriving at Ft. Fisher Feb. 9, and was engaged in the campaign against Wilmington, North Carolina. During
the Carolinas campaign, the 140th Regiment was commanded by Col. Thomas J. Brady, in Col. Oscar W. Sterl's First Brigade, under Brig. Gen.
James W. Reilly, and later Brig. Gen. Samuel P. Carter, commanding the Third Division of the Twenty Third Army Corps of Maj. Gen. John M.
At Kingston, North Carolina, on March 12, 1865, after complaining of illness for some weeks, he was sent to General
Hospital at New Bern, North Carolina. From there, he was sent to Grant U.S. General Hospital in Willets Point, New York, where he was
admitted on April 16th. He died there May 25, 1865, of disease variously reported as erysipelas (a streptococcus infection) and smallpox.
4. Rodger2 Robertson (John S.
M.1) was born in Kentucky circa 1815.
He married Milly A. Knox. Milly was born circa 1820 in Kentucky. Milly was the daughter of
Milly A. Knox.
In the Census of 1850, Rodger was listed as a head of household in Gallatin Co, KY.(24) He was listed as a neighbor of John S. M. Robertson in the Census of 1850 in Gallatin Co,
Rodger Robertson and Milly A. Knox had the following children:
John T.3 Robertson was born in Gallatin Co, KY circa 1840.
Willis P. Robertson was born in Gallatin Co, KY circa 1842.
Emiline J. Robertson was born in Gallatin Co, KY circa 1845.
Amanda T. Robertson was born in Kentucky circa 1846.
Mary A. H. Robertson was born in Kentucky circa 1848.
Robert B. Robertson was born in Kentucky Jan or Feb 1850.
5. Theophilus C.2 Robertson (John S.
M.1) was born in Kentucky circa 1820.
He married Harriet (Robertson). Harriet was born circa 1822 in Kentucky.
In the Census of 1850, Theophilus was listed as a head of household in Gallatin Co, KY.(26) He was listed as a neighbor of John S. M. Robertson in the Census of 1850 in Gallatin Co,
Theophilus C. Robertson and Harriet (Robertson) had the following children:
John T.3 Robertson was born in Gallatin Co, KY circa 1845.
Sarah E. Robertson was born in Gallatin Co, KY circa 1846.
Amelia Robertson was born in Gallatin Co, KY circa 1848.
6. William2 Robertson (John S.
M.1) was born in Kentucky circa 1830.
He married Rebecca (Robertson). Rebecca was born circa 1827 in Kentucky.
He was listed as a household member of John S. M. Robertson's house in the Census of 1850 in Gallatin Co, KY.(28)
William Robertson and Rebecca (Robertson) had the following child:
James L.3 Robertson was born in Gallatin Co, KY Oct or Nov 1849.
Notes and References
1. John S. M. Robertson, 1850 US Census, Gallatin Co. KY, P.169A L.31, John S. M. Robertson 60 b.KY
Farmer RE$3600; Milly 65 b.PA col.12; James G 36 b.KY Laborer; Elizabeth 30 b.KY; William 30 b.KY Laborer; Rebecca 23 b.KY; James L 9/12
b.KY (hereafter cited as 1850 census, P.169A L.31, Gallatin Co. KY).
3. 1840 census Bartholomew Co, IN, P.201 L.10, Rockcreek Twp : 1 - 12101, near J. Richardson
1880 census, Bartholomew Co IN, Rock Creek Twp, Burnsville P.O., enumerated with family of John Markum Richardson, Nancy 65 (mother) widow
b.KY fb.KY mb.KY.
4. Gallatin County, Kentucky, Marriage Register, Book 2, 1802 - 1856. (LDS Film #509,036), p.
124: James Cox, M.G., on 9 December 1832 wrote in the register a list of nine marriages he had performed, including, sixth, Arthur Marcum to
Nancy Robertson. The ninth entry is James Robertson to Susan Foster (hereafter cited as Gallatin Co. KY, Book 2, Marriage Register).
5. Married by Wesley White, ordained preacher Methodist Church.
6. Milton Richardson's Mother's Civil War Pension File, photocopy in author's possession,
Appl.No.182666, Cert.No.149477 affidavit 20 July 1870 said John would be 66 next August (hereafter cited as Milt. Richardson Pension).
7. 1840 census Bartholomew Co. IN, P.199 L.20, near Robt : 000001 - 12001 1850 census record not found.
8/17/1860 census Bartholomew Co IN, P.142 L.24 H.912, Rock Creek Twp, Elizabethtown P.O.: John Richardson 55 b.OH Day laborer PE$200; Nancy
41 b.KY; Cerilda 16, Milton I. 12 col.12, both b.IN. 6/6/1870 census Bartholomew Co IN, P.224A L.24 H.124, Rock Creek Twp, Burnsville P.O.:
Richardson, John 65 b.OH Farm laborer PE$100 col.17,19; Nancy 57 b.KY Keeping house col.16,17. Mortality census, year ending May 31, 1880 -
Bartholomew Co., P.101 L.17 : #199 Richardson, John 75 M W mar. b.OH fb.OH mb.OH (occupation blank) d.Feb of Pneumonia, res. in co. 35y, Dr.
8. Bartholomew Co. Marr. Register, Vol. III p.125 (LDS Film 1, 301, 789)
9. P.201 L.10 : 1 boy 0-4, 1 girl 0-4, 2 5-9, 1 10-14, 1 woman 20-29
10. Bartholomew Co. Marr. Register, Vol. III p.125 (LDS Film 1, 301, 789)
11. Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers in the War of Rebellion, (Des Moines, IA: 1908), Los
Angeles Public Library, Los Angeles, CA, 973.7477 I64, Vol.I, 1st-8th Regts., Infantry (hereafter cited as Roster of Iowa Soldiers). 1870
census Bartholomew Co IN, P.223B L.12 H.123, Rock Creek Twp, Burnsville P.O.:
Markem, John 35 b.IN Farmer PE$200 col.19; Mary 24 b.IN Keeping col.17; Emma 4, Sherman 1, both b.IN; O'Neal, John 17 b.IN Farm labor [maybe
Charles's son]. House is next to James O'Neal, age 56.
1880 census Bartholomew Co IN, ED.12 P.23 L.21 H.198, RockCreek Twp, Burnsville P.O.:
Markum, John 45 m. Works on farm b.IN fb.KY mb.KY; Amanda wife 33 m. b.IN f,mb.-; Helton [line drawn through name], Arley 8 [line drawn
through "son"] b.IN fb.IN mb.IN; Markum, Sherman 11 son b.IN fb.IN mb.IN; Richardson, Nancy 65 mother widow b.KY f,mb.KY. [other Markum
children enum on P.21 with Sarah O'Neal].
12. 1900 census Arapahoe Co. CO, V.3 ED.68 S.1 L.31 H.4 F.5, Denver City, Precinct 5, 1138-40
Broadway: Day Emma E roomer June 14 1838-61 wid 9/5 b.IN fb.VA mb.KY YYY; Harriet A roomer Apr 12 1870-30 sgl b.MO fb.Unknown mb.IN Milliner
12 months unemployed YYY They are enumerated in a rooming house headed by Hiram C. Grant 39 b.IA and his wife Maggie b.IL occupation =
landlady. There are several other singles and small families.
13. 8/8/1860 census Douglas Co. KS, P.179(175) L.26 H.1249 F.1328, City of Lecompton: Wm P Caldwell
44 b.AL Carpenter RE$500 PE$100; Elizabeth 47 b.NC; Caroline Reese 24 b.GA; Elizabeth 6 b.TN; M Shanon 4m, Wm 2/12, both b.KS Terr; Samuel
Day 32 b.TN; Emma 22 b.IN [No others on this or preceding or following page from any of those states. Everyone from Northeast or IL or OH,
except an apparent orphan, Nancy Hines 11 b.IN.] 6/24/1870 census Jackson Co. MO, P.641B L.35 H.112 F.107, 4th Ward, Kansas City, Sub 43:
Day Samuel 40 b.TN Fisherman PE$300 col.19; Emma E 32 b.IN Keeping House col.16,17; Nancy 9, John 7, Samuel 5, Sarah S 3, all ch. b.KS
14. IGI extracted local vital records
15. 1880 census Jackson Co. Missouri, ED.20 S.1 L.38, Kansas City, 812 Santa Fe St.: Hall Aron 44
b.PA f,m.b.PA Carpenter; Emma A. wife 48 b.IN fb,m.b.KY Dressmaker col.12 [married within the year]; Ella dau 7 b.MO col.21, Claudie son 5
b.KS, both ch. fb.PA mb.IL; Day Harvey J stepson 18 b.KS laborer col.14=1 [months unemployed], Samuel stepson 15 b.KS Teamster col.14=1,
Sarah S stepdau 12 b.KS col.21, Hattie A stepdau 9 b.MO col.21, Flora A stepdau 4 b.MO, all step-ch. fb.TN mb.IN
16. 1870 census, p.225 line 11 (p.224 line 32 is obscure 16 or 26)
17. Bartholomew County Marriage Records, West Los Angeles Family History Center, Los Angeles,
CA, V.7 p.354 (name Zerilda), m. by Horace Bushnell (hereafter cited as Barth. Co. Mar. Rec.).
18. Ibid., v.8 p.23, by David P. May Minister Go.; father consented for son.
19. 1850 census
20. Bartholomew County Historical Society, Bartholomew County Cemetery Records, Bartholomew
County Public Library, Columbus, IN, p.71, 'John W. Helton 1848-1872' Sarilda Helton on same stone. (hereafter cited as Bartholomew HS Cem.
21. Joseph Hart Chapter, DAR, Bartholomew Co, IN - Marriage License Affidavits, (1979),
Indiana State Library Genealogy Division, Indanapolis, IN, G 977.201 B287bm, Affiant: O'Neal, Christopher (hereafter cited as Barth. Co.
22. Ibid., Affiant: O'Neal, Christopher.
23. Milt. Richardson Pension; W. H. H. Terrell, Indiana in the War of the Rebellion - Report of
Adjt.General, (Indiana, Hist. Soc., 1960), Los Angeles Public Library, Los Angeles, CA, 973.7472 I39, Appendix, p.575; (hereafter cited
as Indiana in War of Rebellion); and Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, (New York, NY: T. Yoseloff), Vol.IV p.698 (hereafter cited
as Battles & Leaders).
24. Rodger Robertson, 1850 US Census, Gallatin Co. KY, P.169A L.17, Rodger Robertson 35m Farmer
RE$1000; Milly A 30 col.12; John T 10 col.11, Willis P 8 col.11, Emiline J 5f, Amanda T 4, Mary A H 2, Robert B 6/12; Milly A Knox 60;
everybody birthplace blank - presume ditto from KY on L.11 (hereafter cited as 1850 census, P.169A L.17, Gallatin Co. KY).
25. 1850 census, P.169A L.31, Gallatin Co. KY.
26. Theophilus C. Robertson, 1850 US Census, Gallatin Co. KY, P.169A L.26, Theophilus C Robertson 30m
Farmer RE$2000 col.12; Harriet 28 col.12; John T 5, Sarah E 4, Amelia 2; everybody birthplace blank, presume ditto from KY on L.11
(hereafter cited as 1850 census, P.169A L.26, Gallatin Co. KY).
27. 1850 census, P.169A L.31, Gallatin Co. KY.
(Robertson), Elizabeth (marriage to James G. Robertson) (i5780), b.1820-
(Robertson), Harriet (marriage to Theophilus C. Robertson) (i5794), b.1822-
(Robertson), Milly (marriage to John S. M. Robertson) (i51), b.1785-
(Robertson), Rebecca (marriage to William Robertson) (i5782), b.1827-
Clarkson, Amanda C. (marriage to John Marcum) (i622), b.1847-
Day, Samuel (marriage to Emma Marcum) (i1113), b.1830-d.1878
Hall, Aaron (marriage to Emma Marcum) (i1128), b.1836-d.1899
Helton, John W. (marriage to Mary Sarilda Richardson) (i3314), b.1848-d.1872
Knox, Milly A. (marriage to Rodger Robertson) (i5785), b.1820-
Marcum, Arthur (marriage to Nancy Robertson) (i24), b.1800-d.1839
Marcum, Emma (i1111), b.1838-
Marcum, John (i12), b.1836-d.1912
Norton, Joshua (marriage to Mary Sarilda Richardson) (i2540), b.1840-
O'Neal, Amelia (Milley) M. (marriage to John Marcum) (i13), b.1844-d.1874
Richardson, John (marriage to Nancy Robertson) (i1218), b.1804-d.1880
Richardson, Mary Sarilda (i3315), b.1844-
Richardson, Milton I. (i2254), b.1849-d.1865
Robertson, Amanda T. (i5790), b.1846-
Robertson, Amelia (i5797), b.1848-
Robertson, Emiline J. (i5789), b.1845-
Robertson, James G. (i5779), b.1814-
Robertson, James L. (i5783), b.1849-
Robertson, John S. M. (i50), b.1789-
Robertson, John T. (i5787), b.1840-
Robertson, John T. (i5795), b.1845-
Robertson, Mary A. H. (i5791), b.1848-
Robertson, Nancy (i25), b.1815-d.1880
Robertson, Robert B. (i5792), b.1850-
Robertson, Rodger (i5784), b.1815-
Robertson, Sarah E. (i5796), b.1846-
Robertson, Theophilus C. (i5793), b.1820-
Robertson, William (i5781), b.1830-
Robertson, Willis P. (i5788), b.1842-
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