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Richard Bigge and Descendants


Ralph Dean Clark
P.O. Box 641188
Los Angeles, CA 90064-1188
Ultimate Family Tree, ver 2.2
CLARK Project Version 177
December 8, 1997

Table of Contents


Bigge, Lellysden, Watt


First Generation

1. Richard1 Bigge(1) was born in probably, Benenden, Kent, England. Richard died May 1474 in Benenden, Kent, England, at age unknown.

He married Agnes (Bigge) date unknown. Agnes was born date unknown. Agnes died after 1413/4 in probably, Benenden, Kent, England, at age unknown.

Richard's estate was probated June 14, 1474 in Archdeacon Court, Canterbury, Kent, England.(2) As he had two granddaughters born before 1474, it may be supposed that his eldest son was born around 1445, and perhaps Richard was born around 1420. That would have been just before the beginning of the forty year period when the last Lancastrian, Henry VI, was called King of England. He survived the royal uproars of that time, which most likely would have had little noticeable effect on a Kentish farmer. It's possible that he might have participated in the 1450 populist insurrection of Jack Cade, which arose in Kent, and ended with the participants, except the leader, returning unpunished to their homes. He died in the middle of the reign of the Yorkist King Edward IV. Elizabeth French (NEHGR, Jan. 1912) extracted his will: "The Will of Richard Bigge of the parish of Benynden, 12 May 1474. To be buried in the parish church of St. George of Benynden. To the fabric of said church, namely to the nave of it, 6s. 8d. To the high altar there 12d. I make my wife Agnes and Thomas Henley my executors to dispose of my goods for the health of my soul. Witnesses: John Bygge Senior, Richard Day, John Willarde Senior, and many others. [Translated from the Latin.]"

"This is my last will regarding my lands. My feofees to make an estate to Robert my son his heirs and assigns in my tenement called Bowmannys containing seven acres, my lands and woods called Strodes containing five acres, lying betwext Euvyndens Crosse and Hellynden on the north side of the street, a piece of land called Pettefeld containing five acres, two pieces of land called Southlands containing eight acres, and one acre lying in Maythammys marsh, he paying to my wife every year during her life four loads of wood and 26s. 8d., and to Thomas Bygge my son 20 marks.

"My feofees to make an estate to my son John in all my lands an tenements not before assigned, he to pay to my wife Agnes one hog, certain `pulleyn,' and 26s. 8d. yearly during her life, and to my son Thomas 20 pounds.

"My wife to have the west end of the hall of my principal tenement and her easement in the hall, kitchen, bakehouse, garden and lands, half the fruit in the garden during her life, pasturage for a cow and `fire and fleet' by the custom of the country, to be found by the said John.

"My feofees to sell a piece of land lying next to Thomas Frennche, and of the money to pay to Agnes, daughter of Robert Bygge, 26s. 8d., to Johane his daughter 6s. 8d., and the residue to amending the church way from the church to Walkhurst gate.

"Proved 14 June 1474 by the executrix named in the will, the other executor, Thomas Henley, renouncing. (Archdeaconry of Canterbury, vol. 2, fo. 13.)"

Richard Bigge and Agnes (Bigge) had the following children:

Second Generation

2. Robert2 Bigge (Richard1) was born in Benenden, Kent, England. Robert died 1500 in Benenden, Kent, England, at age unknown.

Robert's estate was probated September 15, 1500 in Archdeacon Court, Canterbury, Kent, England.(5) Born during the forty year reign of the Lancastrian King Henry VI, he lived through the Yorkist years of Edward IV and Richard III, and died under the Tudor King Henry VII. Elizabeth French (NEHGR, Jan. 1912) extracted his will: "The Will of Robert Bigge of the parish of benynden, 1 July 1500. To be buried in the churchyard of the church of St. George in Benynden. To the high altars of the churches of Benynden and Bydinden 20d. each. To Agnes Watt and Johan lellysden my daughters. Willia' Dey, Harry bigge, harry Asten, and John Watt, my `feffers,' to deliver to Elizabeth my daughter two pieces of land lying at benynden in the parish of Rollynden, to her and her assigns for ever. The residue of all my goods I give to Thomas Bigge and Edward my sons, whom I make my executors. Witnesses: Robert Marden, Richard Astyn, Willia' Watt, Thomas lellysden, and others. Proved at Tenterden 15 September 1500 by the executors named in the will. (Archdeaconry of Canterbury, vol. 8 fo. 2.)"

Robert Bigge had the following children:

Third Generation

7. Agnes3 Bigge (Robert2, Richard1)(9) was born in Benenden, Kent, England, before 1474. Agnes died date unknown at age unknown.

She married Mr. (John?) Watt date unknown. (John?) was born before 1474 in maybe, Benenden, Kent, England. (John?) died date unknown at age unknown. Her children are postulated by Elizabeth French (NEHGR, Jan. 1912) apparently based on the list of names in her sister Elizabeth's will of 17 July 1500.

Agnes Bigge and Mr. (John?) Watt had the following children:

8. Johan3 Bigge (Robert2, Richard1)(10) was born in Benenden, Kent, England, before 1474. Johan died date unknown at age unknown.

She married Thomas Lellysden date unknown. Thomas was born before 1474 in Kent, England. Thomas died date unknown at age unknown.

Johan Bigge and Thomas Lellysden had the following children:

10. Edward3 Bigge (Robert2, Richard1) was born in Benenden, Kent, England, before 1479.(12) Edward died at age unknown.

He married Alice (Bigge) date unknown. Alice was born date unknown in probably, Benenden, Kent, England. Alice died date unknown at age unknown.

The 1500 will of his sister Elizabeth mentioned his son Robert. No other document has been discovered to firmly connect him to the American line. A 1568 will of Edward Bigg of Benenden (Archdeaconry Of Canterbury, Vol.40 fo.179) has not yet been examined by the author.

Edward Bigge and Alice (Bigge) had the following child:

Fourth Generation

18. Robert4 Bigge (Edward3, Robert2, Richard1) was born in Benenden, Kent, England, before 1500.(14) Robert died 1548 in Benenden, Kent, England, at age 48.

He married Elizabeth (Bigge) date unknown in probably, Benenden, Kent, England. Elizabeth was born circa 1510 in probably, Benenden, Kent, England. Elizabeth died in probably, Benenden, Kent, England, at age unknown.

Robert's estate was probated June 2, 1548 in Archdeacon Court, Canterbury, Kent, England.(15) Born during the reign of the first Tudor, King Henry VII, he lived through all of the reign of Henry VIII, and died under the boy king, Edward VI.

The identification of this Robert with the son of Edward Bigge is not proven, except by coincidence of place and age. His will was extracted by Elizabeth French (NEHGR, Jan. 1912): "The Will of Robert Bigge of Benenden, 13 January 1547/8. To be buried in the churchyard of the parish church of St. George the Martyr of Benenden. Alms to be distributed at the day of my burial. To wife Elizabeth, if she continue unmarried, all my stuff and household implements; if she marry again, half my stuff and household implements to my daughters, to be equally divided at age eighteen or day of marriage. To my wife all my corn and sundry livestock. To my son Walter two steers. To my sons Richarde and Thomas a heifer each at eighteen, and to my son John two steers at that age. All my cattle, wheat growing, and other moveables unbequeathed to be sold by my executrix and the money employed to pay my debts. I give to my wife Elizabeth my lease of churchfield, and make her executrix and William Fowle of Benenden overseer. My wife to redeem two pieces of land at Walkhurst, mortgaged to John Moyse of Byddenden for 10 pounds, and also to pay to Elizabeth Vsborne 40 pounds for which I stand bound.

"My last will regarding the disposition of all my lands and tenements. I will to Elizabeth my wife for life my messuage and garden at Benenden forstall and four pieces of land at Walkhurst, she releasing all her right of dowry in all my lands. The messuage and garden at Benenden forstall to go to my son John and his heirs at my wife's decease. To my son Richard and his heirs at my wife's decease four pieces of land at Walkhurst. My executrix to take the profits of all my other lands and tenements until they amount to 40 pounds, to be paid to Elizabeth, Dorothe, Elionor, and Alyce, my daughters, to each 10 pounds at day of marriage or age of twenty years. If any die before such day or age, reversion to the survivors, to be equally divided. After the said 40 pounds be levied I give to my son Thomas and his heirs forever my messuage and lands at the lane of Rolvenden and my half of a meadow called dukes mede in Tentwarden [Tenterden], of which Lawrence Day holds the other half, and a piece of marsh land at Frencham containing ten acres, my executrix to have the said lands until son Thomas come to the age of twenty-two. After the said 40 pounds be levied, to son Walter and his heirs forever seven pieces of land called the sixe acres, Wadyfeld, gardeyn of begtylte, the porteke, the upper shurfeld, the Longfelde, and the nether shurfeld, lying upon the den of Begtilte in Benenden, he to pay to my son Richard 20s. a year during the life of my wife and after he enter into the said land. After the said 40 pounds be levied, I give to son John and his heirs a piece of land called the field about the house and another called Euerynden's felde, both upon the den of Bigtilte. Witnesses: Willm Fowle his mark, John Asten, Lawrence Davy, and Henry Asten. Proved 2 June 1548 by the executrix named in the will. (Archdeaconry of Canterbury, vol. 8, fo. 2.)"

Robert Bigge and Elizabeth (Bigge) had the following children:


Notes and References


1. The author found a very readable account of his times in; and Paul Murphy Kendall, The Yorkist Age, (New York, NY: W W Norton, 1962), (hereafter cited as Kendall, Yorkist Age).
2. Elizabeth French, 'Genealogical Research in England: Bigge,' NEHGR, (Boston, MA: NEHGS, Jan 1912), Vol.LXVI, pp.54-61 extracts from (hereafter cited as French, NEHGR V.66, Bigge); wills at Archdeaconry of Canterbury, Vol.2 Folio 13. (hereafter cited as Archd. Canterbury wills); and Henry R. Plomer, Index of Wills & Admins - Probate Reg. Canterbury 1396-1558, (Kent Arch. Soc., 1920), West Los Angeles Family History Center, Los Angeles, CA, Kent Records, Vol. VI cites Vol.2, fo.302 (hereafter cited as Plomer, Canterbury Index).
3. French, NEHGR V.66, Bigge, extracts from; Archd. Canterbury wills, Vol.3 Folio 17.; and Henry R. Plomer, Index of Wills & Admins - Probate Reg. Canterbury 1396-1558, (Kent Arch. Soc., 1920), West Los Angeles Family History Center, Los Angeles, CA, Kent Records, Vol. VI cites Vol.3 fo.294 (hereafter cited as Plomer, Canterbury Index).
4. She was named in her borther's 1479 will, but not her father's of 1474
5. French, NEHGR V.66, Bigge, extracts from; Archd. Canterbury wills, Vol.8 Folio 2.; and Henry R. Plomer, Index of Wills & Admins - Probate Reg. Canterbury 1396-1558, (Kent Arch. Soc., 1920), West Los Angeles Family History Center, Los Angeles, CA, Kent Records, Vol. VI cites Vol.8 fo.31 (hereafter cited as Plomer, Canterbury Index).
6. French, NEHGR V.66, Bigge, extracts from; Archd. Canterbury wills, Vol.8, Folio 2.; and Henry R. Plomer, Index of Wills & Admins - Probate Reg. Canterbury 1396-1558, (Kent Arch. Soc., 1920), West Los Angeles Family History Center, Los Angeles, CA, Kent Records, Vol. VI cites Vol.8, fo.31 (hereafter cited as Plomer, Canterbury Index).
7. Wills of 1500 named him and his apparently younger brother executors
8. Wills of 1500 named him executor, mentioned his son Robert
9. French, NEHGR V.66, Bigge.
10. Ibid.
11. Ibid., lists her, but documentation not mentioned.
12. Wills of 1500 named him executor, mentioned his son Robert
13. He is mentioned in the 1500 will of Elizabeth Bigge, his aunt
14. He is mentioned in the 1500 will of Elizabeth Bigge, his aunt
15. French, NEHGR V.66, Bigge, extracts from; Archd. Canterbury wills, Vol.26 Folio 2.; and Henry R. Plomer, Index of Wills & Admins - Probate Reg. Canterbury 1396-1558, (Kent Arch. Soc., 1920), West Los Angeles Family History Center, Los Angeles, CA, Kent Records, Vol. VI cites Vol.26 fo.63 (hereafter cited as Plomer, Canterbury Index).
16. In his father's will of Jan 1565/6, his older brother was under age 24
17. Elizabeth French, 'Genealogical Research in England: Tilden,' NEHGR, (Boston, MA: NEHGS, Oct 1911), Vol. LXV, pp.322-333 cites B.T. of Wye, 'Mr. Thomas Tilden an aged man' (hereafter cited as French, NEHGR 65, Tilden).
18. Ibid., extracts from original will, 1617 bundle, Cons. Court Canterbury.


Index

(Bigge)

(Bigge), Agnes (marriage to Richard Bigge) (i1077), d.1414
(Bigge), Alice (marriage to Edward Bigge) (i1081)
(Bigge), Alice (marriage to John Bigge) (i1975), d.1479
(Bigge), Elizabeth (marriage to Robert Bigge) (i22795), b.1510-

Astyn

Astyn, Richard (marriage to Parnell Bigge) (i1973)

Bigge

Bigge, Agnes (i1961), b.1474-
Bigge, Alice (i11397)
Bigge, Dorothe (i1981), b.1530-
Bigge, Edward (i45588), b.1479-
Bigge, Elionor (i1982), b.1530-
Bigge, Elizabeth (i1974), d.1500
Bigge, Elizabeth (i1980), b.1530-
Bigge, Johan (i1967), b.1474-
Bigge, John (i1959), d.1479
Bigge, John (i1979), b.1530-
Bigge, Katherine (i1960), b.1474-
Bigge, Parnell (i1972), b.1482-
Bigge, Richard (i1977), b.1530-
Bigge, Richard (i182352), d.1474
Bigge, Robert (i22794), b.1500-d.1548
Bigge, Robert (i91176), d.1500
Bigge, Thomas (i1958), d.1479
Bigge, Thomas (i1971), b.1478-
Bigge, Thomas (i1978), b.1530-
Bigge, Walter (i1976), b.1529-

Lellysden

Lellysden, Alice (i1970), b.1500-
Lellysden, Elizabeth (i1969), b.1500-
Lellysden, Thomas (marriage to Johan Bigge) (i1968), b.1474-

Tilden

Tilden, Thomas (marriage to Alice Bigge) (i11396), b.1542-d.1617

Watt

Watt, Alice (i1966), b.1500-
Watt, James (i1965), b.1499-
Watt, Johane (i1963), b.1497-
Watt, John (i1964), b.1498-
Watt, Mr. (John?) (marriage to Agnes Bigge) (i1962), b.1474-

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