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Zacharia Arrowood and Family

Ralph Dean Clark
P.O. Box 641188
Los Angeles, CA 90064-1188
Ultimate Family Tree, ver 2.7
MARCUM Project Version 807
September 28, 1998

Table of Contents


First Generation

1. Zachariah1 Arrowood, son of James Arrowood of Maryland, was born in maybe, Rowan Co, NC circa 1768. See his father's family for more information. Zachariah died before 1840 at age unknown.(1)

He married twice. He married Elisabeth Commins January 29, 1786 in Lincoln Co, NC. Elisabeth was born circa 1768. Elisabeth died after 1810 at age unknown.(2) He married Elizabeth (Arrowood) before 1820. Elizabeth was born circa 1788 in North Carolina. Elizabeth died at age unknown. In the 1840 Census, Elizabeth was listed as a head of household in Burke Co, NC.(3) In the Census of 1850, Elizabeth was listed as a head of household in McDowell Co, NC.(4)

In an affidavit given on May 25, 1833, in support of his brother John's application for a Revolutionary War soldier's pension, Zachariah gave his own age as 65. He recalled that he was old enough before the war ended to be placed on the muster roll. Zacariah remembered seeing his brother march off with Captain Lyons to join General Rutherford's expedition. He said that John later had moved to Lincoln County, where he was reported to have volunteered again, but that he, Zachariah, had not gone to Lincoln County until after the war.

In 1790 in the census Zachariah was listed as residing in Morgan District, Lincoln Co, NC.(5) In the early years of the 1800s, Zachariah Arrowood was granted land in the Spartanburgh District of South Carolina, which lay just across the border from Rutherford and Lincoln Counties in North Carolina. This land, on Buck Creek of the Pacolate River, was near other land owned by a John Arrowood, who may be presumed to have been Zachariah's brother. It appears that all of Zachariah's grant in South Carolina had been sold before 1810.(6)

In the 1810 Census, Zachariah was listed as a head of household in Buncombe Co, NC.(7) Zachariah was over age 45; his wife was 26-44, born after 1765 and before 1785. There was one boy each of age 16-25 and 10-15, and two boys and two girls all under age 10.

Thirty years after the Revolution, the War of 1812 gave Zachariah his chance to fight the British. On April 21, 1814, he was enlisted at Rutherford for a term of five years by a Lt. Alexander into the 10th U.S. Infantry Regiment, commanded by Col. Wellborn. Two enlistment records survive: one gave his age as 40 and his birthplace as Lincoln County, North Carolina; the other said he was 51, born in Frederick County, Maryland. He was described as six feet one half (or one and one half) inches tall, with black hair and eyes and a dark complexion, occupation: farmer.

He was listed on a roster at Wilkesborough on May 31, 1814. The duty roster of Capt. E.J. Leigh's Company reported him present Feb. 16, 1815. A medical roster of Capt. James Reed's Company of U.S. Artillery at Fort Washington on April 30, 1815, had him absent sick at Fredericksburg. Another medical report and invalid report of Capt. H.H. Vallard's Detachment at Fort Washington on July 31, 1815 listed him as "present unfit for service."

His enlistment record mentions a discharge dated Inspector's Office, 4th Military Department, Aug. 26, 1815, and records "Book 563, Lt. Alexander's Co. 10th U.S. Infy, Discharged, Aug. 26, 1815, Rheumatism contracted previous to enlistment." Further, it reports a "Roll dated 1815, Capt. Robt G. Hite's Co. U.S. Arty, Discharged, Sept. 8, 1815, by order Col. Mitchell, -10th U.S. Infy made Arty- Discharged from Capt. E.J. Leigh's Co. 10th Infy at Washington, Sept. 13, 1815. Rheumatism." The enlistment record ends with a note, "See Pension Case." However, Zachariah doesn't appear in the published index of War of 1812 pension applicants.(8)

In the 1820 Census, Zachariah was listed as a head of household in Lincoln Co, NC.(9) He was over 45; his wife was age 26-44, born after 1775 and before 1795. There was a boy 18-26, a boy 16-17, a girl 10-15, and three girls and a boy all under 10. The census record is arranged alphabetically, apparently by militia companies. On separated lines within the same company are Eli, Isaac, and Ben Arrowood.

In the 1830 Census, Zachariah was listed as a head of household in Burke Co, NC.(10) Zachariah was in his 60s, while his wife was in her 40s. In the household there were a girl 15-19, two girls 10-14, a boy and a girl each 5-9, and two boys and a girl all under age 5. The adjacent line of the census listed his son, Zachariah, age 30-39.

Zachariah Arrowood and Elisabeth Commins had the following children:

Zachariah Arrowood and Elizabeth (Arrowood) had the following children:

Notes and References

1. Not in North Carolina census.
2. Not in North Carolina census.
3. Elizabeth Arrowood, 1840 US Census, Burke Co. NC, P.345, National Archives, Washington, DC Elizabeth Arrowood 0112 - 1010101 Total=8 (hereafter cited as 1840 census, P.345, Burke Co. NC).
4. Elizabeth Arrowood, 1850 US Census, McDowell Co. NC, P.293A L.35, National Archives, Washington, DC Elizabeth Arrowood 62; Benj 25 Miner, Joanna 17; George 21, Susannah 21; Bensoner 16 Laborer, everybody b.NC. (hereafter cited as 1850 census, P.293A L.35, McDowell Co. NC).
5. p.115 : 2 FWM 16+, 1 FWM 15-, 3 FWF
6. Albert Bruce Pruitt., Spartanburg County / District South Carolina Deed Abstracts Books A-T 1785 - 1827 (1752 - 1827) (Easley, SC: Southern Historical Press, Inc., 1988), two deeds are abstracted in which Zachariah Arrowood was the grantor: Book I, p.475-6 Nov 2, 1803 Zachariah Arrowood (SC) to Joseph Woods (Spartanburgh): for $100 sold 100 ac on S side Buck Cr of Pacolate R; grant Mar 10, 183 (sic) to Zachariah Arrowood. Wit. Charles Crocker & William Crocker. Signed Zachariah Arrowood. Wit. oath Oct 13, 1804 William Crocker to Wm McDowell. Rec. Oct 23, 1804. Book M, p.389-390 Jun 17, 1806(?) Zacheriah Arrowwood to Thomas Liles (Rutherford Co, NC): for $240 sold 240 ac on waters of Buck Cr; part of 476 ac grant to Zacheriah Arrowwood to James Smith. Wit. David Lyles & James Lyles. Signed Zacheriah Arrowwood. Wit. oath Mar 29, 1811 David Lyles to Leon Adcock. Rec. Apr 8, 1811. Another abstract of a deed, Book K, p.153-4, Sept 23, 1801, from Jonathan Cudd to James Cudd for 100 ac on branch of Buck Cr, was witnessed by Zacheriah Arrowood and James Smith. On Sept 5, 1805, Zacheriah Arrowood appeared to make oath to the recorder, Jno Rukman. An abstract from Book I, p.470-1, Aug 4, 1800 mentions John Lee's land on waters of Pacolate R and Broad R bordering John Arrowood's land on one side and the North Carolina border on another side. (hereafter cited as Pruitt, Spartanburg Deeds).
7. Zachariah Arriwood, 1810 US Census, Buncombe Co. NC, P.271, National Archives, Washington, DC (hereafter cited as 1810 census, P.271, Buncombe Co. NC). Zachariah Arriwood 21101 - 20010 - 00.
8. U.S. Records of Men Enlisted in the U.S. Army, (Nat'l Archives, microfilm), M233 Roll No.1 p. 218, #2111 (hereafter cited as M233 Enlist, Roll 1).
9. Zachariah Arrowood, 1820 US Census, Lincoln Co. NC, P.392 L.1, Series M-33, Roll 83, National Archives, Washington, DC (hereafter cited as 1820 census, P.392 L.1, Lincoln Co. NC). (There is no P.391.) Zachariah Arrowood 101101 - 31010 - 01 (Ag).
10. Zachariah Arowood, 1830 US Census, Burke Co. NC, P.176 L.6, National Archives, Washington, DC (hereafter cited as 1830 census, P.176 L.6, Burke Co. NC). Zachariah Arowood 210000001 - 1121001 Total=10.



(Arrowood), Elizabeth (marriage to Zachariah Arrowood) (i1037), b.1788-


Arrowood, Benjamin W. (i1714), b.1825-
Arrowood, Benson (i1718), b.1834-
Arrowood, David Jackson (i1712), b.1824-
Arrowood, George W. (i1716), b.1829-
Arrowood, John B. (i1598), b.1805-d.1860
Arrowood, Rev. James, of Yancey Co. (i1864), b.1803-d.1880
Arrowood, Zachariah (i538), b.1768-d.1840
Arrowood, Zachariah (i542), b.1795-


Commins, Elisabeth (marriage to Zachariah Arrowood) (i539), b.1768-d.1810

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